3 alternative European wine destinations 0 39083

Winery Fun

Taking the road less traveled can be unnerving but it leads to discovering the unknown and is rewarding in many ways. Looking at wine with the same philosophy can lead us to discover flavors, aromas, and even history and places that are little known to the masses. Visiting obscure wine regions give the benefits of regions with fewer tourists and more affordable travel and tasting costs. Plus the wineries are typically more welcoming and spend more time with their guests than those of more famous wine regions. For your next wine holiday, branch out and take a look at some of the below destinations.

Slovenia instead of Northern Italy

Travel east from northern Italy just across the border into Slovenia to find one of the most forgotten wine countries in Europe. Wine lovers travel all over Italy to visit famous regions such as Tuscany, Barolo, and even as far east as Friuli Venezia Giulia, completely overlooking the wine of Italy’s neighbor, Slovenia. Simply cross the border to enter into epic wine regions with distinct wines for half the price. The wine regions of Slovenia are concentrated along the border of Italy and west of the country along the border of Croatia and Hungary. Visiting Slovenia is a great opportunity to visit the world famous Hiša Franko restaurant which has a comprehensive wine list of the most intriguing Slovenian wines in the country.

Wineries to visit:

Pasji Rep – Pasji Rep is located in Vipava Valley where the contrast of the valley and mountains makes for stunning landscape and an ideal grape growing climate. Pasji Rep practices organic viticulture and makes exceptional wines with native grape varietals like Zelen.

website: http://www.pasji-rep.si/

Pasji Rep Wine
Source: Pasji Rep Wines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kabaj – Kabaj has helped bring international fame to Slovenian wines outside of the country. They specialize in traditional wines with skin contact, otherwise known as “orange wines” made in a very clean and elegant style. The winery is located right along the border of Italy in Brda, yet the region’s wines and terrain are completely distinct.

website: https://www.kabaj.si/en/

Kabaj Winery
Credit: Kabaj Winery

 

 

 

 

 

Samos instead of Santorini

If you’re looking to get away from heavy tourism and looking for an island a bit less discovered, travel to the charming and colorful island of Samos. This hilly island is full of breathtaking views, intimate beaches, and almost 1,400 hectares of vines in this 43 km (27 mi) long island. Closer to Turkey than mainland Greece, Samos has an impressive wine heritage possibly dating back as far as 1200 BC. Greek mythology claims that Dionysus taught the people of Samos about viticulture and winemaking as a thank you to the people for their help in defeating the Amazons. The island mostly cultivates muscat and makes mainly sweet wines.

Wineries to visit:

Nopera – Nopera is a pioneer in Samos as the first winery on the island that broke off from the tradition of selling to the island’s cooperative to produce and bottle their own wines. Nopera practices organic viticulture and makes exquisite dessert wines made traditionally by drying muscat grapes under the Greek sun to concentrate sugar and flavors.

website: http://noperawine.com/en/about

Nopera Winery
Credit: Nopera Winery

 

 

 

 

 

Jura instead of Burgundy

The famous wines of Burgundy hold an incredibly high reputation, drawing in visitors regularly to witness the hills of its Grand Cru vineyards and magical cellars. Meanwhile, just a 30-minute drive east from Burgundy, wines are being made from the same grape varietals plus a few unique native varietals which are more distinct, more interesting, and most affordable. This is the mountainous region of Jura. The Jura sits at the foothills of the alps with vineyards lining the rigid terrain. The breathtaking vineyards of Chateau Chalon can be looked at as the Grand Cru of the Jura, which makes wines entirely from the indigenous varietal of Savagnin. This wines are marked by their unique aging process and must be aged for over 6 years in barrel. In comparison to Burgundy, these wines are a steal for the price.

Wineries to visit:

Domaine Berthet-Bondet – Located in the charming village of Chateau Chalon, this father-daughter team makes world-class wines. Enjoy traditional Jura wines plus some wines made from Pinot Noir and Chardonnay at a quarter of the price of Burgundy.

website: http://berthet-bondet.com/

Domaine Berthet-Bondet
Credit: Domaine Berthet-Bondet

 

 

 

 

Domain Baud – Domaine Baud is located south of Chateau Chalon and holds vineyards throughout the region making wines of various sub-appellations. The winery is run by the 9th generation, a pair of 20 somethings making sophisticated wines with traditional techniques and working certified sustainable in order to respect the biodiversity of the land.

website: http://www.domainebaud.fr/

Domain Baud
Credit: Domain Baud

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What are nootropics? 0 70396

Nootropics, according to Corneliu E. Giurgea, the father of nootropics, are drugs that simultaneously enhance learning and memory, protect the brain, increase the efficacy of brain-related control mechanisms, should lack the pharmacologic structure of psychotropic drugs, and be devoid of side effects. Over time, the description has been expanded to include other non-drug substances.

Whether or not drugs are involved, the idea of nootropics is that they boost mental capacity, allowing you to accomplish goals that would be quite strenuous without them. They are used by various individuals, ranging from students wanting to get more studying done or turning in a paper on time, to engineers trying to figure out a problem.

What are nootropics made of?

Nootropics are traditionally made of naturally-occurring substances like ginseng, or synthetic substances in the form of chemicals not uncommon in drugs (like L-Theanine). Even though Corneliu Giurgea’s description referred to drugs, nootropics have evolved to include non-synthetic substances that can give similar outputs. Nootropics are sometimes called “smart drugs”.

Various nootropics

The large range of nootropics make it difficult to describe them with a blanket sentence other than “they boost brain performance”. So, instead of a generalization, here is a short list of popular nootropics, as well as their specific actions, and possible side effects.

1. Caffeine: Caffeine is without-a-doubt the most popular nootropic, being present in most nootropic substances available on the market. It’s effective in wakefulness, improved concentration, increased motivation, alertness, and focus.

The side effects of caffeine are as well-known as its usefulness. Excessive consumption of caffeine causes insomnia, nervousness, restlessness, tachycardia (elevated heart rate), and even muscle tremors.

2. L-Theanine: Unlike Guarana, L-Theanine is an amino acid that can be found in many tea leaves and herbs. It’s known to aid stress relief and reduce anxiety. Even though is also taken to increase focus and attention, stress relief is its most evidence-based function.

Its side effects may include nausea and irritability.

3. CPD Choline: CPD Choline is naturally-occurring in humans and animals and is an intermediate substance in a common biochemical process that involves converting Choline to Phosphaatidylcholine. Studies show that CPD protects the brain, especially in times of low oxygen supply. In addition, it also increases alertness and consciousness.

Being a natural substance in the body, CPD has no negative effects, except when it is taken in excess, where it can cause stomachaches and diarrhea.

4. Modafinil: As far as performance-boosting drugs go, Modafinil tops the list, having been shown to increase fatigue resistance, improve mood, as well as increase motivation and vigilance. It really is a wonder drug, often rumored to be used by sleep-deprived doctors.

Its side effects are abuse-induced, which means you may suffer things like chronic headaches, if you use it all the time to fight fatigue, without getting enough sleep.

5. Guarana: Guarana, also called Guaranine, is a plant with well-researched and documented effects of improved mental focus and alertness. It is also taken for various other purposes from weight loss to exercise tolerance, but these have not been proven.

Being a naturally-occurring fruit, it does not have severe side effects. However, users have been known to experience insomnia and fatigue when taken in high doses.

6. Panax Ginseng: Certain herbs are sometimes assumed to have positive, even performance-enhancing effects. One of the most popular is Ginseng. Common in East Asia and North America, the plant does not have any nootropic effects backed by strong scientific evidence. However, it has been said to increase energy levels and activity.

Ginseng does not have any known side effects.

7.Ginkgo Biloba: Also a leaf extract, it is wildly known as a cognitive enhancer, with weak scientific evidence to support it.

8. Vitamin B12: The controversy surrounding vitamin B12 is that it may not be a nootropic, as it does not have any noticeable, quick-onset effects. It is considered more of supplement and nutritional requirement than a nootropic. However, it’s on this list because some people still consider it a smart drug.

Nootropic tolerance

Overuse of many nootropics can lead to your body building tolerance, and needing more and more of the substance to get the same effect. It’s a little like what happens with regular alcohol drinkers. They often need more and more alcohol to feel its effects.

Things to remember about nootropics

Many individuals have their definition of nootropics, thus making it a controversial topic. The situation is made worse by substances that are claimed to boost productivity but have not yet been proven. Amongst all these controversies, here are some points for you to keep in mind about nootropics:

  1. They are performance-boosting substances and are often used to get an extra edge.
  2. They should be free of side effects, and should have low toxicity.
  3. They contain naturally-occurring substances.
  4. They work by interacting with receptors in the brain.
  5. Even though they are supposed to be side effect free, some supposed nootropics do have side effects.
  6. Some substances considered nootropics work, and some don’t.
  7. The adverse effects of nootropics can sometimes be avoided by keeping dosage low and cycling between usage and abstinence.

5 Yoga moves to add to your daily stretching today 0 53353

Introduction

It’s no surprise that the practice of yoga has grown in popularity over the last couple of decades. It has several benefits like core strengthening and improved flexibility. However, yoga has several poses and positions that can get a little confusing when choosing what poses to do to achieve your goals. Whether you are just starting out, or are looking to raise the bar during your yoga, this is the post for you.

A brief history on the origin of yoga

Modern yoga as we know it is a combination of different poses and forms, evolved over centuries and modified by different practitioners. Take the first ever recorded instance of yoga, which dates as far back as the 2nd century which, although it was not clearly described as yoga, involved a sitting posture described to require a steady form and comfort. The form was assumed for meditation, not unlike what we have today. In about the 11th century, there was a description of a non-seated pose in which the practitioner balances on the hands. As the centuries passed, yoga became more evolved, and more adapted to modern cultures like ours.

Simple forms

Even though yoga has changed over the years, there are simple poses that have remained relatively constant through the ages, retaining their simplicity and form.

Here are 5 of those simple forms that can be incorporated into your daily routine

  1. Lotus Position: The lotus is one of the most fundamental positions in yoga, with a long history like we discussed. The lotus has a special position among all the stretches and positions not just because it is the oldest, but also because it is key to meditation, which is a big part of yoga.

To enter the sitting position:

  • Sit on the mat with your legs and your back straight
  • Fold your legs so that your feet now rest under your thigh as you relax and let your feet rest comfortably on the floor.
  1. Cow position: The cow position is also a relatively easy position to attain. It is especially good for stretching and relaxing the back muscles as it involves stretching the vertebrae (back bone) and the spinal muscles.

To perform the cow position,

  • Start by kneeling on all fours (hands directly beneath shoulders, and knees directly beneath the hips)
  • Breath in and turn your head upwards as if to look at the ceiling, forming an upward facing curve with your back (the hollow facing upwards)
  • Breath out and return to the neutral position
  • Repeat as necessary
  1. Child Position: The child pose is different from the cow position, only because it stretches the back in the opposite direction, as well as the neck, arms, and legs. It also tones and strengthens the core muscles, giving a mild general body stretch. The child pose is especially good in situations where you don’t have a lot of time during the session. It is a great pose for stretching a lot of areas at once.

To enter the child position:

  • Kneel on all fours like in the cow position
  • Lower your hips so your thighs touch your calves
  • Lean forward, and extend your arms so your elbow and hands touch the mat
  • Maintain the position for the desired length of time
  • Repeat
  1. Bridge pose: So named because of the way the body resembles a bridge when done correctly. The bridge position can be considered the opposite of the child’s pose because here, the back is active and extended, with the hips and knees flexed and bearing most of the body’s weight. The bridge is good for stretching the abdominal muscles and the thighs.

To enter the bridge position:

  • Lie flat on your back and bend your knees
  • With your bent knees, elevate your body so your buttocks and lower back lift off the mat
  • Bring your arms forward so they are positioned directly beneath your body
  • Be sure to keep your upper back and head on the mat during the pose
  • Hold for as long as necessary and repeat as desired
  • Repeat
  1. Locust Position: The locust position is an intermediate level position, because of the core strength it requires to execute. It is very similar to the “superman” in resistance training. While the superman is for strength building, the locust is for stretching and relaxation. It concentrates on the arms, legs and upper back.

To enter the locust position:

  • Lie on your chest with your arms and legs stretched out on the mat
  • Lift your legs from the hip off the mat, while simultaneously lifting your head, arms, and upper chest
  • Maintain the position for the desired length of time
  • Repeat

Incorporate these stretches and positions into your daily routine to increase strength, flexibility, and improve inner-peace. Let us know what you think!

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