Bodyweight exercises you can do at home 0 57500

Working Out At Home

It can be especially difficult to drive to the gym and spend hours there if you simply don’t have the time. Some people have crazy schedules and can’t afford to spend all their spare time at the gym. The drive there is just too time-consuming. Since most people don’t have an indoor gym or expensive equipment at home, they tend to assume it’s impossible to get an intense workout without fancy equipment. So not true!

Before there were fancy equipment that do some of the work for you, there were great exercises that capitalize on your bodyweight, get you sweating, and give you that great burn you’re looking for. Here are some of the most effective bodyweight exercises that will target all of your essential muscle groups. These are just a few of them. There are an extensive and surprising amount of bodyweight exercises that burn your muscles; these ones just cover the essentials.

Push Ups
Pushups

Pushups

Pushups are the bread and butter of bodyweight exercises. Most people are familiar with this exercise and tend to think it’s clichéd and ineffective, but we beg to differ. Basic pushups target the pectorals and triceps mostly, it also hits the anterior deltoids, the serratus anterior, and the abdominal muscles. Suffice to say, it hits a lot of muscle groups at the same time. There are a lot of ways to isolate specific muscles like the pectorals through pushup variations like diamond pushups, or core and shoulders with Spiderman pushups or pike. The basic pushup entails a simple range of movements. Start off by finding a mat and continue by placing both hands beneath your shoulders and then stretching your legs until you are resting on the balls of your feet. Close your legs until they are firmly tight. When you are done you should be in a plank position.

Lower your body until you achieve a 90° angle or lower and then try to get back into starting position and repeat that range of motion again.

The benefits of a proper pushups are endless. They target all major muscle groups of the upper torso and carve them out. It is the singular most encompassing upper body exercise. If you’re a newbie to pushups, you should start with box pushups and knee pushups and work your way up to a full pushup.

Box Pushups
Box Pushups

Box pushups

Get on the mat and assume a crawling position, then lower your body until your chest is almost touching the ground, and get back into starting position.

Knee Pushups
Knee Pushups

Knee pushups

Knee pushups are just like a tweaked box pushup. You start at a crawling position, then you lift your feet off the floor so that only your knees and your palms are the only part of your body touching the floor. Then you lower your body and simultaneously stretch forward and return back to starting position.

To get a worthwhile workout focusing on pushups you should complete 20 reps and sets of each exercise.

Situps
Sit-ups

Sit-ups

Sit-ups are also very effective and clichéd; like most clichéd exercises they have variations that stem from their original range of motion. Exercises like crunches and reverse crunches, were formed from observing the sit-up. The sit-up targets the abdominal muscles and works them hard (if repeated enough times). To pull off a sit-up, you need a mat and a partner (ideally). Sit-ups are somewhat problematic in that it’s hard to keep your feet down while performing the exercise. It’s also possible to perform a sit-up without help. First you lie on the mat face up and then try to bend your knees until they reach a 90° angle. Make sure your feet are touching the mat, they should not leave the mat at any point during the exercise. With both your arms tucked behind your neck, try to reach your knees with both elbows and return back to starting position. If this action proves difficult you should get a partner and try again. Also, when performing the exercise, try not to use your hands to pull your body upwards, it compromises the entire exercise. Keep your chin up! 30 reps of sets should be enough for a thorough workout.

Jump Rope
Jump Rope

Jump rope

Jump ropes make you remember simpler times… That simple range of motion can take you back decades, you remember the other kids you played with, you remember hopscotch, but what you don’t remember is how tired you got after playing jump rope for a long time. Jump rope, as simple as it seems, is very effective. It’s so effective it’s almost better than jogging, well, almost. Jump rope has been said to burn an equal amount of calories as jogging, if done at a fast pace. The beautiful thing about jump rope is that you can do it in the confines of your own home, and it can be every day without having to leave the house. With 20 minutes of jump rope every day you get good cardio without prior planning or stress. Take a trip down memory lane today!

Pull-ups
Pull-ups

Pull-ups

Pull-ups are one of the few bodyweight exercises that can give you massive gains when it comes to back width. It attacks the lateral muscles which are responsible for most of the width of the back and give guys that coveted V-shape. Pull-ups alone, if done properly and consistently, can give you a properly toned back and aid substantial growth. If you’re looking for a toned physique, this exercise is right up your alley. It’s important to note that this exercise doesn’t necessarily get your back looking all muscly, you need to do it for a long time to get that look going. For this exercise, you need a pull-up bar or just any bar that is above your head (and can hold your bodyweight). Stretch both arms upwards and grab the bar, widen your grip, your arms should be around shoulder length apart, and pull up your body from the ground. You should try to cross your legs to make the exercise easier. When your chin is above the bar and you have completed the full motion, squeeze your back and hold it for a second or so before returning to the starting position. It’s important to note that while doing this exercise, your feet should not touch the floor.

Pull-ups are particularly tricky so you should do each set until you fail and complete about to sets.

YouTube videos

Modern technology has allowed us access to an almost infinite source of knowledge. YouTube is considered one of the greatest assets of the 21st century. It’s a livelihood to some, entertainment to others, and a wealth of knowledge to those who seek it. There are various channels stocked with videos that feature exercises that target your desired muscle groups. There are numerous bodyweight exercises that are far more complex and rewarding than the ones we’ve listed above, and they come with clear, visual instructions that will help you perform them. It’s never a bad idea to visit YouTube. There are exercises that will address your specific needs and help you get an intense workout from the comfort of your own home.

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What are nootropics? 0 70396

Nootropics, according to Corneliu E. Giurgea, the father of nootropics, are drugs that simultaneously enhance learning and memory, protect the brain, increase the efficacy of brain-related control mechanisms, should lack the pharmacologic structure of psychotropic drugs, and be devoid of side effects. Over time, the description has been expanded to include other non-drug substances.

Whether or not drugs are involved, the idea of nootropics is that they boost mental capacity, allowing you to accomplish goals that would be quite strenuous without them. They are used by various individuals, ranging from students wanting to get more studying done or turning in a paper on time, to engineers trying to figure out a problem.

What are nootropics made of?

Nootropics are traditionally made of naturally-occurring substances like ginseng, or synthetic substances in the form of chemicals not uncommon in drugs (like L-Theanine). Even though Corneliu Giurgea’s description referred to drugs, nootropics have evolved to include non-synthetic substances that can give similar outputs. Nootropics are sometimes called “smart drugs”.

Various nootropics

The large range of nootropics make it difficult to describe them with a blanket sentence other than “they boost brain performance”. So, instead of a generalization, here is a short list of popular nootropics, as well as their specific actions, and possible side effects.

1. Caffeine: Caffeine is without-a-doubt the most popular nootropic, being present in most nootropic substances available on the market. It’s effective in wakefulness, improved concentration, increased motivation, alertness, and focus.

The side effects of caffeine are as well-known as its usefulness. Excessive consumption of caffeine causes insomnia, nervousness, restlessness, tachycardia (elevated heart rate), and even muscle tremors.

2. L-Theanine: Unlike Guarana, L-Theanine is an amino acid that can be found in many tea leaves and herbs. It’s known to aid stress relief and reduce anxiety. Even though is also taken to increase focus and attention, stress relief is its most evidence-based function.

Its side effects may include nausea and irritability.

3. CPD Choline: CPD Choline is naturally-occurring in humans and animals and is an intermediate substance in a common biochemical process that involves converting Choline to Phosphaatidylcholine. Studies show that CPD protects the brain, especially in times of low oxygen supply. In addition, it also increases alertness and consciousness.

Being a natural substance in the body, CPD has no negative effects, except when it is taken in excess, where it can cause stomachaches and diarrhea.

4. Modafinil: As far as performance-boosting drugs go, Modafinil tops the list, having been shown to increase fatigue resistance, improve mood, as well as increase motivation and vigilance. It really is a wonder drug, often rumored to be used by sleep-deprived doctors.

Its side effects are abuse-induced, which means you may suffer things like chronic headaches, if you use it all the time to fight fatigue, without getting enough sleep.

5. Guarana: Guarana, also called Guaranine, is a plant with well-researched and documented effects of improved mental focus and alertness. It is also taken for various other purposes from weight loss to exercise tolerance, but these have not been proven.

Being a naturally-occurring fruit, it does not have severe side effects. However, users have been known to experience insomnia and fatigue when taken in high doses.

6. Panax Ginseng: Certain herbs are sometimes assumed to have positive, even performance-enhancing effects. One of the most popular is Ginseng. Common in East Asia and North America, the plant does not have any nootropic effects backed by strong scientific evidence. However, it has been said to increase energy levels and activity.

Ginseng does not have any known side effects.

7.Ginkgo Biloba: Also a leaf extract, it is wildly known as a cognitive enhancer, with weak scientific evidence to support it.

8. Vitamin B12: The controversy surrounding vitamin B12 is that it may not be a nootropic, as it does not have any noticeable, quick-onset effects. It is considered more of supplement and nutritional requirement than a nootropic. However, it’s on this list because some people still consider it a smart drug.

Nootropic tolerance

Overuse of many nootropics can lead to your body building tolerance, and needing more and more of the substance to get the same effect. It’s a little like what happens with regular alcohol drinkers. They often need more and more alcohol to feel its effects.

Things to remember about nootropics

Many individuals have their definition of nootropics, thus making it a controversial topic. The situation is made worse by substances that are claimed to boost productivity but have not yet been proven. Amongst all these controversies, here are some points for you to keep in mind about nootropics:

  1. They are performance-boosting substances and are often used to get an extra edge.
  2. They should be free of side effects, and should have low toxicity.
  3. They contain naturally-occurring substances.
  4. They work by interacting with receptors in the brain.
  5. Even though they are supposed to be side effect free, some supposed nootropics do have side effects.
  6. Some substances considered nootropics work, and some don’t.
  7. The adverse effects of nootropics can sometimes be avoided by keeping dosage low and cycling between usage and abstinence.

5 Yoga moves to add to your daily stretching today 0 53353

Introduction

It’s no surprise that the practice of yoga has grown in popularity over the last couple of decades. It has several benefits like core strengthening and improved flexibility. However, yoga has several poses and positions that can get a little confusing when choosing what poses to do to achieve your goals. Whether you are just starting out, or are looking to raise the bar during your yoga, this is the post for you.

A brief history on the origin of yoga

Modern yoga as we know it is a combination of different poses and forms, evolved over centuries and modified by different practitioners. Take the first ever recorded instance of yoga, which dates as far back as the 2nd century which, although it was not clearly described as yoga, involved a sitting posture described to require a steady form and comfort. The form was assumed for meditation, not unlike what we have today. In about the 11th century, there was a description of a non-seated pose in which the practitioner balances on the hands. As the centuries passed, yoga became more evolved, and more adapted to modern cultures like ours.

Simple forms

Even though yoga has changed over the years, there are simple poses that have remained relatively constant through the ages, retaining their simplicity and form.

Here are 5 of those simple forms that can be incorporated into your daily routine

  1. Lotus Position: The lotus is one of the most fundamental positions in yoga, with a long history like we discussed. The lotus has a special position among all the stretches and positions not just because it is the oldest, but also because it is key to meditation, which is a big part of yoga.

To enter the sitting position:

  • Sit on the mat with your legs and your back straight
  • Fold your legs so that your feet now rest under your thigh as you relax and let your feet rest comfortably on the floor.
  1. Cow position: The cow position is also a relatively easy position to attain. It is especially good for stretching and relaxing the back muscles as it involves stretching the vertebrae (back bone) and the spinal muscles.

To perform the cow position,

  • Start by kneeling on all fours (hands directly beneath shoulders, and knees directly beneath the hips)
  • Breath in and turn your head upwards as if to look at the ceiling, forming an upward facing curve with your back (the hollow facing upwards)
  • Breath out and return to the neutral position
  • Repeat as necessary
  1. Child Position: The child pose is different from the cow position, only because it stretches the back in the opposite direction, as well as the neck, arms, and legs. It also tones and strengthens the core muscles, giving a mild general body stretch. The child pose is especially good in situations where you don’t have a lot of time during the session. It is a great pose for stretching a lot of areas at once.

To enter the child position:

  • Kneel on all fours like in the cow position
  • Lower your hips so your thighs touch your calves
  • Lean forward, and extend your arms so your elbow and hands touch the mat
  • Maintain the position for the desired length of time
  • Repeat
  1. Bridge pose: So named because of the way the body resembles a bridge when done correctly. The bridge position can be considered the opposite of the child’s pose because here, the back is active and extended, with the hips and knees flexed and bearing most of the body’s weight. The bridge is good for stretching the abdominal muscles and the thighs.

To enter the bridge position:

  • Lie flat on your back and bend your knees
  • With your bent knees, elevate your body so your buttocks and lower back lift off the mat
  • Bring your arms forward so they are positioned directly beneath your body
  • Be sure to keep your upper back and head on the mat during the pose
  • Hold for as long as necessary and repeat as desired
  • Repeat
  1. Locust Position: The locust position is an intermediate level position, because of the core strength it requires to execute. It is very similar to the “superman” in resistance training. While the superman is for strength building, the locust is for stretching and relaxation. It concentrates on the arms, legs and upper back.

To enter the locust position:

  • Lie on your chest with your arms and legs stretched out on the mat
  • Lift your legs from the hip off the mat, while simultaneously lifting your head, arms, and upper chest
  • Maintain the position for the desired length of time
  • Repeat

Incorporate these stretches and positions into your daily routine to increase strength, flexibility, and improve inner-peace. Let us know what you think!

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