What are nootropics? Comments Off on What are nootropics? 70563

Nootropics, according to Corneliu E. Giurgea, the father of nootropics, are drugs that simultaneously enhance learning and memory, protect the brain, increase the efficacy of brain-related control mechanisms, should lack the pharmacologic structure of psychotropic drugs, and be devoid of side effects. Over time, the description has been expanded to include other non-drug substances.

Whether or not drugs are involved, the idea of nootropics is that they boost mental capacity, allowing you to accomplish goals that would be quite strenuous without them. They are used by various individuals, ranging from students wanting to get more studying done or turning in a paper on time, to engineers trying to figure out a problem.

What are nootropics made of?

Nootropics are traditionally made of naturally-occurring substances like ginseng, or synthetic substances in the form of chemicals not uncommon in drugs (like L-Theanine). Even though Corneliu Giurgea’s description referred to drugs, nootropics have evolved to include non-synthetic substances that can give similar outputs. Nootropics are sometimes called “smart drugs”.

Various nootropics

The large range of nootropics make it difficult to describe them with a blanket sentence other than “they boost brain performance”. So, instead of a generalization, here is a short list of popular nootropics, as well as their specific actions, and possible side effects.

1. Caffeine: Caffeine is without-a-doubt the most popular nootropic, being present in most nootropic substances available on the market. It’s effective in wakefulness, improved concentration, increased motivation, alertness, and focus.

The side effects of caffeine are as well-known as its usefulness. Excessive consumption of caffeine causes insomnia, nervousness, restlessness, tachycardia (elevated heart rate), and even muscle tremors.

2. L-Theanine: Unlike Guarana, L-Theanine is an amino acid that can be found in many tea leaves and herbs. It’s known to aid stress relief and reduce anxiety. Even though is also taken to increase focus and attention, stress relief is its most evidence-based function.

Its side effects may include nausea and irritability.

3. CPD Choline: CPD Choline is naturally-occurring in humans and animals and is an intermediate substance in a common biochemical process that involves converting Choline to Phosphaatidylcholine. Studies show that CPD protects the brain, especially in times of low oxygen supply. In addition, it also increases alertness and consciousness.

Being a natural substance in the body, CPD has no negative effects, except when it is taken in excess, where it can cause stomachaches and diarrhea.

4. Modafinil: As far as performance-boosting drugs go, Modafinil tops the list, having been shown to increase fatigue resistance, improve mood, as well as increase motivation and vigilance. It really is a wonder drug, often rumored to be used by sleep-deprived doctors.

Its side effects are abuse-induced, which means you may suffer things like chronic headaches, if you use it all the time to fight fatigue, without getting enough sleep.

5. Guarana: Guarana, also called Guaranine, is a plant with well-researched and documented effects of improved mental focus and alertness. It is also taken for various other purposes from weight loss to exercise tolerance, but these have not been proven.

Being a naturally-occurring fruit, it does not have severe side effects. However, users have been known to experience insomnia and fatigue when taken in high doses.

6. Panax Ginseng: Certain herbs are sometimes assumed to have positive, even performance-enhancing effects. One of the most popular is Ginseng. Common in East Asia and North America, the plant does not have any nootropic effects backed by strong scientific evidence. However, it has been said to increase energy levels and activity.

Ginseng does not have any known side effects.

7.Ginkgo Biloba: Also a leaf extract, it is wildly known as a cognitive enhancer, with weak scientific evidence to support it.

8. Vitamin B12: The controversy surrounding vitamin B12 is that it may not be a nootropic, as it does not have any noticeable, quick-onset effects. It is considered more of supplement and nutritional requirement than a nootropic. However, it’s on this list because some people still consider it a smart drug.

Nootropic tolerance

Overuse of many nootropics can lead to your body building tolerance, and needing more and more of the substance to get the same effect. It’s a little like what happens with regular alcohol drinkers. They often need more and more alcohol to feel its effects.

Things to remember about nootropics

Many individuals have their definition of nootropics, thus making it a controversial topic. The situation is made worse by substances that are claimed to boost productivity but have not yet been proven. Amongst all these controversies, here are some points for you to keep in mind about nootropics:

  1. They are performance-boosting substances and are often used to get an extra edge.
  2. They should be free of side effects, and should have low toxicity.
  3. They contain naturally-occurring substances.
  4. They work by interacting with receptors in the brain.
  5. Even though they are supposed to be side effect free, some supposed nootropics do have side effects.
  6. Some substances considered nootropics work, and some don’t.
  7. The adverse effects of nootropics can sometimes be avoided by keeping dosage low and cycling between usage and abstinence.
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What we love about Apple’s iOS 12 Comments Off on What we love about Apple’s iOS 12 48175

The 2018 Apple event was a genuine expression of Apple’s ingenuity and dedication to their users. It wasn’t about new shiny things, it was all about the users this year. It featured outstanding changes to all the platforms and introduced groundbreaking software that will be talked about years to come. It was an outstanding success. It was the much-needed change of pace that Apple needed to dispel all rumors, scandals, and reaffirm their place in the tech world. The event was loaded with gizmos and updates, the likes of which can only be referred to as revolutionary. There are a lot of things that we love about iOS 12, and here are the highlights.

iOS 12

The latest update of Apple’s mobile software came equipped with some of the most family-friendly and digital health features to ever grace a smartphone OS. Rather than push people towards screens, the new iOS actually makes an effort to help users reduce screen time, thereby allowing them spend more time in the real world. The digital health bar helps users set all sorts of limitations while using their mobile devices. These limitations include; time limits on certain applications, activating do not disturb at night, and so many other little features here and there.

Memoji

Although it seems like an attempt to recreate the already popular feature that Samsung introduced – AR Emoji, Memoji is not only better named, it comes with tongue detection that lets you create all the tongue related emojis you want.

Other amazing stuff

There are new Google photos-like features in the new updates. It comes with suggestions, reminders, and it is incredibly intuitive when you search for photos. Some say it might be better than Google photos’ find features.

Siri gets more intuitive

The latest iOS update has made Siri feel less like software and more like a real personal assistant. The new update stores your usage information, suggests and allows you to tailor certain actions, and sometimes even alter them. The shortcut app is used for this function, and it basically ensures that your needs and specifications are made convenient with the click of a button.

macOS Mojave

Fret not macOS users, Apple didn’t spend the entire event going on about its mobile operating system. This new OS, like its predecessors, is named after a beautiful natural phenomenon. Like iOS, it comes with numerous updates and additions, the most noticeable and beloved being the return of the dark theme. Originally a star feature of earlier iterations of macOS, it finally makes a grand return to the Mac stage, so to speak. It can be easily accessed from system preferences on the Apple menu, and it works with Apple apps for now.

macOS also comes with an improved Safari browser

It’s still basically the same, except there is a new feature that helps you keep all the ads at bay. It does so by maintaining a tighter grip on user information and basically stops websites from singling you out for ads. macOS also comes with a ton of shortcuts and commands to help your experience feel more organized and smooth. There are quick-action settings for actions like organizing the desktop and watermarking documents, etc.

watchOS 5 basically turned all Apple watches into phones

watchOS 5 introduced a competent web browser, Siri’s suggestions, and a voice message system. This completely revamps the Apple Watch and makes it slightly less tacky than it really is. Its fitness software was also revamped, after all, that is half its functionality. It now has a new feature that automatically records your exercise session in case you forget to start the timer.

AppleTV finally supports Dolby Atmos

The much-anticipated update to the iTunes library has finally arrived. The complaint about AppleTV’s incompatibility with Dolby Atmos on supported programs and movies has finally been addressed. Like all the other changes to AppleTV, it was an improvement on the previous standard and so far, so good. There have been no problems.

Of course, this doesn’t begin to cover all the amazing things that happened, but these features really caught our eye. If we had to pick, these updates were the best thing about the event, of course, that is only our opinion.

Should I hire a personal trainer? Comments Off on Should I hire a personal trainer? 37354

That is a great question; one that has no clear answer. I guess to answer this question, you need to ask yourself a couple of questions and the first is: Do I actually need a personal trainer?

This question logically precedes the original question because it’s important to establish just how important exercise is to you. There is no reason to hire a personal trainer and pay him/her a lot of money if you don’t feel that you are dedicated enough to fitness as a whole. However, if it’s important to you, then by all means we can proceed to the next question.

Am I satisfied with my results?

Since it’s crystal clear that you are dedicated to the whole exercising thing, then you need to proceed to the next question which is far more important than the first. The second question is more important because it accesses your footing and your desire to grow and help you determine if hiring someone to guide you is the next step in your fitness journey. When working out we all see gains. Regardless of what you are into, it’s always present. It’s one of the general perks of sticking to a workout routine. And usually they come either quickly or slowly depending on how hard and well we workout.

You need to ask yourself how satisfied you are with your current rate of gains and improvements. Are the gains coming fast enough? If they are not then you might want to consider hiring a personal trainer to help you get those gains much faster. Most people just hop on the personal trainer train right off the bat. Most of them don’t see what they could really accomplish by themselves before bringing someone into it.

This is risky because it not only robs of you of your money, it also robs you of the opportunity of discovering just how good or bad you are at a given field before you have someone help you. Hiring a personal trainer if you aren’t satisfied with your current gains is a great idea. He/she can help you by showing you some tricks of the trade and improving your technique.

At this point, I would definitely say that it’s a great idea to hire a personal trainer. But if you are tight on cash and it’s not a do or die thing, you can always find out if this slow growth or gains is something you can fix or speed up yourself.

Can I fix it?

A reduction or overall halt in gains can be brought about by two factors. The first is physical, as in improper form, intensity, etc. The other is mental. Both factors are incredibly tricky and difficult to overcome alone. Even if you had the help of a personal trainer, it’s still going to be quite a challenge to overcome a plateau. This question cross-examines your ability to deal with your problems personally. Are you strong enough to overcome your plateaus or do you need some professional help? If you need help then a personal trainer is what you really need.

It’s ok to get a personal trainer of you really need it.

The decision to get a personal trainer isn’t particularly an easy one – or cheap one. If you are confident that you can push yourself to the next level, I see no reason to get a personal trainer but if you aren’t in intermediate need and just need a little push, then you can be in the beginner’s section and just need someone to show you the ropes of a fascinating and dangerous new world. In this case, research might not be enough, you might choose to hold onto a personal trainer for a couple of months until you break the whole “working out thing” down and get accustomed to everything that comes along with it.

To speed things up.

You could also be an intermediate athlete or an expert and you feel like you might need the personal touch of a professional to speed up your gains because you might be preparing for something big or important. In instances like these it’s great to hire a personal trainer. Nobody observes and sees your excesses like an outside party. Supervision to maximize gains is never a bad thing.

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